Wood Pyrolysis Plant Design

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Wood Pyrolysis Plant

Wood pyrolysis plant can turn wood into charcoal through carbonization. So it is also known as wood charcoal making machine. Due to the high value of wood charcoal, for example, the high heat of combustion, high porosity, etc., it is widely used as fuel, filter, deodorant, etc. Actually, making charcoal from wood has been ongoing for hundreds of years. However, the environmental problems caused by traditional charcoal kiln is getting severe. Considering that, Beston Group offers a more eco-friendly and effective way – wood pyrolysis machine. We have more than 20 successful biomass pyrolysis plants all over the world, such as in Russia, Ghana, Turkey, Spain, etc. So you can trust us and find the most suitable solution. Below are some pictures for your reference.

Wood Pyrolysis Plant
Charcoal Making Plant in Turkey
Wood Pyrolysis Plant
Palm Shell Charcoal Machine to Ghana
Wood Pyrolysis Plant
Wood Chips Pyrolysis Machine to Russia

Beston Wood Charcoal Making Machine for Sale

In order to meet the different needs of customers, we have developed different models of wood pyrolysis equipment for sale. The hourly capacity varies from 500 to 3000 kg. Moreover, it is also suitable for process sawdust, rice husk, coconut shells, sugarcane bagasse, etc. Check the table below for more details.

Wood Pyrolysis Plant Design
Wood Pyrolysis Plant Design
Model BST-05 BST-10 BST-20 BST-30
Hourly Feeding Capacity 500 kg 800-1000 kg 1500-2000 kg 2500-3000 kg
Reactor Size Φ800 Φ1000 Φ1300 Φ1700
Total Power 40 kW/h 55 kW/h 60 kW/h 72 kW/h
Floor Area (L*W*H) 30m*15m*7m 35m*15m*7m 45m*15m*10m 50m*15m*10m
Raw Materials 1. All kinds of biomass waste, such as sawdust, wood chips, bagasse, coconut shells, olive shells, palm shells, bamboo, etc.
2. Civil sludge, municipal sludge, industrial sludge, etc.        3. MSW
Working Method Continuous
Heating Materials Charcoal, Wood, Diesel, Natural Gas, LPG, Biomass, etc.
Service Life 5-8 Years

End Products of Wood Pyrolysis Plant

Through the wood pyrolysis process, we can get wood charcoal, wood tar, and wood vinegar. These products make your plant profitable. Let’s see the uses of these products.

Wood Charcoal

  1. Charcoal is the main substance that is generated from burning wood.
  2. Due to the high heat value, wood charcoal is widely used as industrial and cooking fuel. Besides, it is more eco-friendly than wood because it causes less air pollution.
  3. It can be used as a decolorizing agent, deodorant, filtering agent, drying agent, etc. because of its strong adsorption and porosity.
  4. Charcoal is also popular in agriculture use. For example, you can place charcoal into the soil to retain its moisture content or to nourish the plants.
  5. Wood charcoal after the biomass pyrolysis process is also a great raw material for activated carbon. You can also make it into activated carbon for a higher selling price.
Wood Charcoal from Wood Pyrolysis Plant
Wood Charcoal
Tar
Tar
Wood Vinegar
Wood Vinegar

Tar

Wood tar is the liquid obtained through carbonization. It was used as a waterproof material for roofing shingles, ships, and boats. In addition, it is also a general disinfectant.

Vinegar

Wood vinegar is a good pesticide and fertilizer to improve soil quality, eliminate pests and control plant growth. More importantly, the wood vinegar from pyrolysis of biomass is natural, which makes it safe for human beings, animals, plants, and the environment.

How to Make Charcoal from Wood?

Generally, there are several sections to turn wood into charcoal, including pre-treatment, pyrolysis of wood, de-dusting system. Especially, Beston charcoal production plant is continuous, which is automatic, easy and effective to operate.

Pre-treatment of Wood Pyrolysis Plant

Based on our experimental results and customers’ feedback, we can get a higher charcoal output rate when the water content is less than 15% and the size is smaller than 20 mm. Taking coconut shell charcoal making machine for example, we can get 280 to 330 kg charcoal from 1000 kg coconut shell. Charcoal production will be different from the raw material, waste content, size, etc. So we will equip the dryer or crusher according to your needs.

Dryer
Dryer
De-dusting System
De-dusting System
Wood Pyrolysis Machine
Wood Pyrolysis Machine

Wood Pyrolysis Process

There is a conveyor belt to put the prepared wood chips into the biochar reactor. It takes about 1 hour to preheat the carbonization furnace and the raw materials. Actually, it is a great feature of Beston biomass pyrolysis plant, namely “One Fire Two Steps”. It will preheat the raw material first, which will improve the carbonization efficiency and charcoal quality. When the temperature inside reaches up to 300 ℃, the wood carbonization starts. The best carbonization temperature is from 380 to 450 ℃. The carbonized charcoal will be collected through the discharging system directly. There is a water cooling system to cool down the charcoal soon. The biomass pyrolysis process is continuous to save your time and fuel cost.

De-dusting System

Meanwhile, the combustible gas will go through the condenser to get tar and vinegar. After this process, the combustible gas can be used to heat the furnace to save your fuel cost. In general, you can stop using fuel after 1.5 to 2 hours. The off-gas will be released into the atmosphere through the de-dusting system. We have water spray tower, Bauer porcelain ring, activated carbon adsorption, etc. to choose from. You can check the video below to understand the process better.

Conclusion

Beston Group is leading charcoal making machine manufacturer in China. We have our own factory and R&D team to provide you with a fair price and customized business plan.  Also, we have multilingual pre-sales consulting and sales managers to serve you at any time. In addition, our charcoal making machine is a patent design to recycle combustible gas to lower your operating cost. By the way, the biochar reactor is mainly made of 301s stainless steel and Q245r  boiler steel to prolong its service life. Besides, we do exporting for years so that we can promise to help you set up an eco-friendly and eco-friendly wood pyrolysis plant. Welcome to contact us right now!

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